Difference between revisions of "Negative binomial distribution"

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(Created page with "A negative binomial experiment is a statistical experiment that has the following properties: * The experiment consists of x repeated trials * Each trial can result in just t...")
 
 
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== Notation ==
== Notation ==
* x: The number of trials required to produce r successes in a negative binomial experiment
* r: The number of successes in the negative binomial experiment
* P: The probability of success on an individual trial
* Q: The probability of failure on an individual trial (this is equal to 1 - P)
* b*(x; r, P): Negative binomial probability - the probability that an x-trial negative binomial experiment results in the ''rth'' success on the ''xth'' trial, when the probability of success on an individual trial is ''P''

Latest revision as of 04:36, 18 July 2014

A negative binomial experiment is a statistical experiment that has the following properties:

  • The experiment consists of x repeated trials
  • Each trial can result in just two possible outcomes: success or failure
  • The probability of success, denoted by P, is the same on every trial
  • The trials are independent: that is, the outcome on one trial does not affect the outcome on other trials
  • The experiment continues until r successes are observed, where r is specified in advance.

Consider the following statistical experiment. You flip a coin repeatedly and count the number of times the coin lands on heads. You continue flipping the coin until it has landed 5 times on heads. This is a negative binomial experiment because:

  • The experiment consists of repeated trials. We flip a coin repeatedly until it has landed 5 times on heads.
  • Each trial can result in just two possible outcomes - heads or tails
  • The probability of success is constant - 0.5 on every trial
  • The trials are independent; that is, getting heads on one trial does not affect whether we get heads on other trials.
  • The experiment continues until a fixed number of successes have occurred; in this case, 5 heads.

Notation

  • x: The number of trials required to produce r successes in a negative binomial experiment
  • r: The number of successes in the negative binomial experiment
  • P: The probability of success on an individual trial
  • Q: The probability of failure on an individual trial (this is equal to 1 - P)
  • b*(x; r, P): Negative binomial probability - the probability that an x-trial negative binomial experiment results in the rth success on the xth trial, when the probability of success on an individual trial is P