Genetic code

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  • Defines how information is encoded in the genetic material.
  • In Eukaryotes three nucleotides on the DNA define a codon that can be translated to it's amino acid.
  • The genetic code is degenerate as some different codons code for the same amino acid.
  • Codon usage defines a preferred codon for a certain amino acid (among the few possible codons that code that aa).